Sociology is the study of human social relationships and institutions. Sociology’s subject matter is diverse, ranging from crime to religion, from the family to the state, from the divisions of race and social class to the shared beliefs of a common culture, and from social stability to radical change in whole societies. Unifying the study of these diverse subjects of study is sociology’s purpose of understanding how human action and consciousness both shape and are shaped by surrounding cultural and social structures.
Sociology is a popular optional for CCE exam. Its popularity lies in the fact that it is easy to understand, it is interesting and the syllabus is well-defined and can be covered in 4 to 5 months duration. No wonder Sociology is opted not just by Humanities students but Engineers and Doctors as well.
Topic wise Distribution of Questions in 2018
Benefits of Choosing Sociology as Optional:
- Easy to understand and very interesting as the topics covered concern the very society we are a part of. Students from all background can opt for this subject.
- Short syllabus and scoring.
- Take 4-5 months to complete the syllabus with good understanding.
- Further, Sociology helps you have a generalized theory on each topic; this means scoring more marks in essays
- Help in the interview round. Most of the current-based and situation-based questions have a direct link with social problems. A Sociology student has already been groomed for such questions.
- Perception/experience of social institutions/events/inequalities etc will always vary from one individual to another hence there is scope for writing extremely different answers. So use that to your advantage.
- The main disadvantage for sociology optional would be of self-interest in the subject. One should have an interest to study sociology because it includes one s own understanding and perspective of the society. One should be able to critically analyze different perspective.
- Sociology is filled with theories and concepts and perspectives of different Thinkers, which for a beginner would be difficult to understand.
Decoding the Syllabus:
For our convenience we can group the syllabus into four sections.
- Fundamentals of Sociology
- Sociological Theory
- Theoretical Perspectives.
Previous years’ question papers are a great guideposts towards the nature & type of questions asked in the Preliminary examination. Repeated studying of the topic from where the questions were asked would help the aspirants in identifying the core topics of the subjects. Also, the concepts with regard to the thinkers should be crystal clear.
(For entire syllabus: https://lakshyaforias.com/syllabus-for-apsc-cce-prelims/)
- Fundamentals Of Sociology –
In this segment, various terminologies such as Community, Institutions, Association, Culture, Norms, Values, Marriage etc. are asked. Moreover, questions are asked on what sociology studies, forms and types of marriage, various social process viz. assimilation, conflict, co-operation etc. are also asked. One can find basic questions such as meaning and emergence of sociology, who founded sociology etc. Questions on famous books and authors are also frequently asked.
- Sociological Theories –
Now that the aspirants are familiar with fundamentals of sociology, the next step in the preparation of sociology should be to tackle the all important topic of sociological thinkers. Questions are often asked directly on thinkers such as Comte, Karl Marx, Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim, Max Weber, Talcott Parsons, RK Merton, Pareto etc. For eg. In 2018 Sociology Pre Exam, the following questions on thinkers were asked –
- a) Who has classified action into logical and non logical categories?
- b) The concept of role set and status set were introduced by –
- c) Who among the following philosophers introduced the concept of materialistic interpretation of history?
- Methodology –
In the last two years, there have been a few questions on methodology. It becomes necessary for the aspirants to have an overview of the Research Methodology.
For eg. In 2018, a question was asked on the technique used to conduct a preliminary survey of the field before the actual field work starts is called.
- Theoretical Perspective –
It includes Indological/ Textual Perspective of GS Ghurye, Louis Dumont. For eg – In 2018 Prelims, a question on a book written by Dumont was asked, Who wrote the book, Homo Hierarchicus?
It also includes Structural-Functional Perspective of MN Srinivas, S.C. Dube. Also, Marxian Perspective of DP Mukherjee, AR Desai.
- NCERT 11th & 12th.
- Indian Sociological Thought – BK Nagla.
- Sociological Themes & Perspectives – Haralambos.
- Sociology of Indian Society – CN Shankar Rao.
- Principles of Sociology – CN Shankar Rao.
- Sociological theory – George Ritzer
(Note: GS Mains Test Series have started. For free demo class of History Optional, contact LIAS at 9085601887/7002140373)
By Subasana Dutta